About Target Support

Roboconf can deploy an application on various targets.
This includes cloud infrastructures (IaaS) or other kinds of targets.
It can even deploy a part of an application on a given IaaS and some other parts on other IaaS. This makes Roboconf suitable for hybrid deployments. Thus, you can deploy applications in the cloud, in your (self-hosted) information system or even on embedded systems (connected devices, internet of things…).

Target features may vary from one infrastructure to another.
These features are implemented depending on our own requirements. Obviously, they can be extended if necessary.


Roboconf is about applications.
Applications are made up of instances, each instance having a (Software) component which defines its behavior with respect to other components. Some of these components designate machines, being virtual or physical. Containers, such as Docker containers, are included in this definition as well.

These specific “scoped” instances can be recognized because their installer is called target.
To create, delete, and more generally, manage the life cycle of such a machine, Roboconf’s target installer needs additional information. As an example, creating a machine on Amazon Web Services or creating a Docker container is not exactly the same thing (not the same means, not the same API, not the same libraries).

To specify the configuration and the library to perform the configuration, a scoped instance must be associated with a target. A target includes the identifier of a “target handler” library and some properties to indicate how to configure the machine.

A target is defined by:

Beyond its properties, a target aims at being associated with scoped instances.
This association is made per application. Every time you create a new application, you should configure the associations between its scoped instances and targets. It is also possible to set a given target as the default for a given application.

When a scoped instance is not associated with any target, and that you try to deploy it, then Roboconf will use this default target to deploy the instance.

Multi-IaaS (for hybrid cloud) is handled by defining several scoped instances and by associating them with different targets. Thus, one can target an Openstack infrastructure, while another one can be deployed on Amazon Web Services.

Defining Targets

There are 3 ways to create targets.

  1. Deploy a zipped target.
  2. Create one through the web console
  3. Deploy an application template with predefined targets.

1. Zipped Target

Targets can be specified in their own project.
Once zipped, they can be deployed through the web console or through Roboconf’s REST API.

Notice that these targets and their associations can be modified with the web console.

A target is made up of…

Please, refer to the following links for more details.

2. Web Definition and Management

Since version 0.5, deployment targets can be defined and associated with applications through the web console.
This includes:

Unlike what is possible for other solutions, it is not possible to add configuration scripts.

3. Predefined Targets

It remains possible to embed predefined targets in application templates.

Notice that these targets and their associations can be modified with the web console.

For every predefined target, the definition follows the same schema. In the graph model, root components are associated with hardware elements. This can be virtual machines (VMs), existing machines or devices. These root components must be associated with the target installer.

When Roboconf will parse the model, it will know recognize this installer and then search for the IaaS configuration.
It means the resources directory associated with this root component MAY contain a target.properties file.

All the predefined instances of this same component will use this target.
Subsequently created instances will use the default one associated with the application.

├── your-graph-model.graph
├── ...
└── "root component" directory
    └── target.properties

The deployment manager will analyze the properties and deduce which target handler pick up.
It will then pick up the right client library to create the VM. Most of the target implementations of Roboconf rely on virtual images (or AMI or appliance). It means Roboconf creates a virtual machine from a template and properties given in the IaaS properties.